MySQL provides a dynamic environment that enables you to alter database items with a few basic commands. By learning how to use various statements, you can manage your databases with ease.
This tutorial contains all the commands needed to rename a column in a MySQL database.
- A functional instance of MySQL
- A user with ALTER privileges on the MySQL server
Rename MySQL Column with ALTER TABLE Command
ALTER TABLE is an essential command used to change the structure of a MySQL table. You can use it to add or delete columns, change the type of data within the columns, and even rename entire databases. The function that concerns us the most is how to utilize
ALTER TABLE to rename a column.
Clauses give us additional control over the renaming process. The
RENAME COLUMN and
CHANGE clause both allow for the names of existing columns to be altered. The difference is that the
CHANGE clause can also be used to alter the data types of a column. The commands are straightforward, and you may use the clause that fits your requirements best.
How to Use the RENAME COLUMN Clause (MySQL 8.0)
The simplest way to rename a column is to use the
ALTER TABLE command with the
RENAME COLUMN clause. This clause is available since MySQL version 8.0.
Let’s illustrate its simple syntax. To change a column name, enter the following statement in your MySQL shell:
ALTER TABLE your_table_name RENAME COLUMN original_column_name TO new_column_name;
new_column_name with your table and column names. Keep in mind that you cannot rename a column to a name that already exists in the table.
Note: The word
COLUMN is obligatory for the
ALTER TABLE RENAME COLUMN command.
ALTER TABLE RENAME is the existing syntax to rename the entire table.
RENAME COLUMN clause can only be used to rename a column. If you need additional functions, such as changing the data definition, or position of a column, you need to use the
CHANGE clause instead.
Rename MySQL Column with CHANGE Clause
CHANGE clause offers important additions to the renaming process. It can be used to rename a column and change the data type of that column with the same command.
Enter the following command in your MySQL client shell to change the name of the column and its definition:
ALTER TABLE your_table_name CHANGE original_column_name new_col_name data_type;
data_type element is mandatory, even if you want to keep the existing datatype.
Use additional options to further manipulate table columns. The
CHANGE also allows you to place the column in a different position in the table by using the optional
FIRST | AFTER column_name clause. For example:
ALTER TABLE your_table_name CHANGE original_column_name new_col_name y_data_type AFTER column_x;
You have successfully changed the name of the column, changed the data type to
y_data_type, and positioned the column after
You have successfully renamed an existing column in your MySQL database. This article has offered two options and provided the necessary commands. Understanding the essential
ALTER TABLE statement is a precondition for exploring more complex expressions.